SAP FI

What is the difference between “costing based” (CB) and “account based” (AB) CO-PA ?

SAP FI

Written by fd Wednesday, 01 June 2011 18:22

This is an incredibly popular question for any
positions with a COPA component.
The interviewer will be looking for some of the following:-
· AB can easily be reconciled with FI at account level
through the use of cost elements. CB can only be
reconciled at account group level (such as revenues,
sales deductions etc) as values are stored in “value
fields” as opposed to accounts

· In CB data is stored by posting periods and weeks.
In AB storage is only by periods.

· In CB transactions can be stored in operating
concern currency and company code currency. In
AB transactions are stored in controlling area
currency, company code currency and transaction
currency

· In CB you can create cross controlling area
evaluations or cross controlling area plans. In AB
you cannot as the chart of accounts may differ.

· In CB the cost of good sales (COGS) are updated via
material price valuations. Stock change values can
be transferred to CB COPA during billing. Timing
differences can occur if the goods issue and billing
documents are in different posting periods. In AB
the value posted in the stock change is posted
simultaneously to COPA.

 

What is an operating concern and what is its relationship with a controlling area in CO ?

SAP FI

Written by fd Wednesday, 01 June 2011 18:22

The operating concern is the main organizational unit in Profitability Analysis. It’s structure depends on the configuration setup of characteristics and value fields.

It is assigned to a controlling area on a one to may basis i.e.
one controlling area may be assigned to only one operating
concern, one operating concern can be assigned to many
controlling areas.

What are statistical internal orders?

SAP FI

Written by fd Wednesday, 01 June 2011 18:22

Statistical real internal orders are dummy cost objects
used for analysis and reporting purposes. They must be
posted to in conjunction with a real cost object such as a
cost center.

For example for employees we define statistical internal orders and for departments we define cost centers. Travel expense invoices can then be booked to specific cost centers but analysis can also be done at employee level by looking at the statistical orders.

Statistical internal orders cannot be settled.

 

Name some settlement receivers for CO Internal Orders

SAP FI

Written by fd Wednesday, 01 June 2011 18:22

Typically CO Internal Order are settled to:-

· Other internal orders
· Fixed assets (including assets under constructions)
· GL Accounts
· Cost Centres

What are the performances issue to be in mind when configuring Profitability analysis (COPA) ?

SAP FI

Written by fd Wednesday, 01 June 2011 18:22

Sometimes COPA reporting performance is severely
affected by poor initial setup. Anyone involved in a full
COPA project lifecycle in a retail or manufacturing
environment will have come across such issues hence the
reason the interviewer is asking the question. The most
important thing

 

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